clean air strategy fails to tackle traffic
Hourly forecasts show poor air quality in most parts of eastern Britain.
The prediction proved wrong.
The same is true for Critics gummer\'s predictions, as Critics say the strategy does not address the main source of urban pollution --traffic.
Gummersaid launched the government\'s national air quality strategy last week, saying it will effectively eliminate \"summer and winter smog\" by 200-5 years \".
\"What we do when we remove the smog is to make sure the air in the country is always clean,\" he said . \".
The strategy sets air quality standards for eight different types of pollution, including ozone, sulfur dioxide and PM10, tiny particles with a diameter of less than 10 microns.
These three pollutants are the main components of smog.
But Tim Brown of the National Clean Air Association says the strategy does not involve \"how to get people out of the car \".
Tony Bosworth, a friend of Earth\'s air pollution activists, also agreed.
The strategy did not offset traffic growth, he said, noting that in the past few months, the government\'s goal of cleaning up pollution has seen \"some decline \".
Described by Gummer as \"pollution standards that can be met --
But as far as possible \"basically follow the advice of the government\'s panel of experts on air quality standards (
P6, November 18, 1995, this week).
But the Environment Department (DoE)
Standards have been lowered for one of the most pressing pollution problems, mainly from the PM10.
These particles kill up to 10 000 people in the UK every year (
Death from too much dust, New Scientist, March 12, 1994, page 12).
According to David Pearce of University College London, a former government adviser spends £ 17 billion a year.
The panel recommends that the standard for inhaled particulate matter per cubic meter of air is 50 micrograms.
When the Department of Energy worked out a draft strategy in June, it said it could exceed that standard by just two nights a year.
Bosworth says it\'s not because of Guy Fox\'s supper.
\"On the night of the bonfire, the particle level will definitely pass.
However, the strategy now is
You can exceed the microgram limit every four days.
However, pm2. 5 may not be the best measure of particle pollution.
Both the panel and the US Environmental Protection Agency believe PM2.
5. Particles with a diameter of less than 2.
5 microns may be a better indicator of how people actually suck in dust.
In May, Roy Harrison, chairman of the government urban air quality review team, said the group was forming the pm2 view.
Maybe a better measure.
The policy document ignores the difference between different types of particles.
Gummer defended the strategy\'s failure to contain traffic.
\"I\'m not interested in cars.
\"I am against dirty, polluted cars,\" he said . \".
His strategy relies heavily on local authorities to eliminate pollution hotspots.
Air pollution must be reviewed by all local authorities.
Where the pollution is serious, they must make a detailed assessment and then develop an air quality management plan.
The department\'s original intention was that local authorities would start the process by April 1, 1997.
However, Brown believes that the timetable may fail: under the environmental law, the guidance of the Department of Energy must be considered by local authorities, but the Department of Energy has not yet provided guidance. Britain’s cash-
Local councils, where the economy is tight, doubt whether they can control pollution without extra money.
Brown said the cost could be quite high for heavily polluted local governments.
\"We have told the local authorities that we will not see them from our pockets,\" said Gummer . \".
But the government didn\'t tell Parliament how much they would give them until it announced interest rate support grants in November.
The allocation has traditionally been made primarily to curb public spending.
The Metropolitan Authorities Association, which represents most of Britain\'s urban district councils, has given a qualified welcome to the air pollution strategy.
\"But where is dosh?
Asked a spokeswoman.
Environmental activists also pointed out that the government has postponed a statement that would align its pollution warnings with new air quality standards.
The strategy document sets an average of 50 per billion per cent of ozone within 8 hours.
But the government believes air quality will be \"poor\" only if it reaches 90 per billion \".
On the weekend before gummer announced, there was a summer haze episode in Britain.
On Sunday, 40 of the country\'s 47 ozone monitors recorded more than 50 out of one billion readings per hour, Bosworth said.
But according to AEA technology that monitors air quality for the government, only one monitoring device has reached 90 per billion and issued a bad air warning.
DoEspokesman said the document coordinating air quality descriptions and new standards will be released later this year.