clean air cars line up for cross‐country race
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Cambridge, Massachusetts. , Aug. 22 —
They are goo r purr, Goo chu purr, thump, hissing, and they are named after \"Miss pure\" and \"great Teapot.
\"They are experimental cars that student engineers plan to drive across the country next week, sometimes Moody cars, and their claim is that with imaginative technology, car pollution can be significant
This is the goal of the 1970 Inter-University Clean Air Car Competition scheduled to start on the MIT campus on Monday.
The finish line 3,600 miles away in seven days is the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.
About 45 cars from 33 universities are expected to start the race.
They include electric vehicles, gasoline electric hybrids, steam engines and turbines, but most of them are special mixes of conventional internal combustion engines, natural gas or gasoline converted into combustion of low-pollution fuels such as propane.
Entries that passed this week\'s qualification test marched from downtown Boston to M this morning. I. T. campus.
Advertising some cars, such as the stream lined e-electric hybrid car at the University of Toronto, was built from the ground of the bq students.
About 15,000 people worked in a gasoline vehicle designed and manufactured by young engineers at the University of California, San Diego.
Advertising other people like Ford, Ford, and Primus, they started out-
In addition to the odd bumps on the hood, there are signs of batteries and other student tink ering in the back seat.
Some cars were converted by the company and handed over to the student driver for driving.
The rules require all vehicles to be driven and maintained off-road by the student team, with race observers on the car at any time.
Experimental cars will travel along a highway through Massachusetts, New York, tarot, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, orkama, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and Cali.
In Toronto, Ann Arbor, Michigan, there will be an overnight stay and will usually be active by an artificial welcome party.
I\'m sick, champagne.
Oakland City, Odessa, Texas.
And Tucson in arritz.
The game is not for speed, but for reliability, innovation and cleanliness.
There is a winner in each class.
Electric, gas-electric hybrid, steam, turbine and internal combustion-
Will be selected based on pre-match performance testing, fuel economy, smoothness of operations during the race and low emissions of contaminants.
Cars must meet or exceed the 1975 exhaust standard set by the federal government.
By that time, cars emit no more than 11 grams of carbon monoxide per mile, 0.
5 grams of hydrocarbons, 0.
9 grams of nitrogen oxide.
In addition, a panel of five judges will select a champion through a more objective process.
\"The most important factor will be the quality and creativity of automotive engineering,\" Dr.
David Lagon, dean of Dartmouth College Engin eering and chairman of the panel of judges, said in an interview.
He said the ad \"Another consideration is how important the vehicle is --
How to alleviate air pollution in the next 10 years?
How long can it make a difference?
\"The other judges are Harry Barr, chairman of the Association of Automotive Engineers;
John Brogan, engineer at Ann Arbor National Air Pollution Control Authority; Dr. S.
William Gus Jr.
John Maga, executive secretary of the President\'s Office of Science and Technology and the California Aviation Resources Commission.
Earlier this week, John T.
Middleton, director of the national air pollution administration, told the participants that the winner of each class of car would receive $5,000 in return for a two-month lease of the test vehicle.
This is part of the government\'s incentive plan to develop cleaner car engines.
Any car that has performed particularly well in two months of testing is eligible to enter the demo phase of the project, which will require the construction of 10 prototype vehicles.
After checking the entry and listening to the student to submit the technical report, the work is \"impressive\", Dr.
Most of the work, Ragone says, is \"impressive\" and \"should put a little pressure on Detroit.
\"Major American car companies, coupled with some smaller companies and independent inventors, have accelerated their research into low-pollution products over the past few years.
So far, this has primarily involved proposed improvements to the gasoline in-house hybrid engine.
In most cases, the proposed modifications will increase the cost of the car.
Robert McGregorI. T.
Students majoring in mechanical engineering and director of the ethnic opera committee said: \"Despite a lot of work done by industry, our goal is to introduce alternatives to internal combustion engines that we know today.
I don\'t believe the internal combustion engine has to go.
It can be modified, but the price is OK.
\"Want to involve the school.
Another goal, McGregor said, is to \"involve universities in pollution issues, and cars are the main cause of air pollution.
Many students have said the same thing as their teacher advisors.
They complain that so far, engineering schools have almost ignored cars because they have little interest in technology compared to solid-state electronic technology and aerospace.
Later, they say, most of the research has been done --or not done—
Manufactured by the manufacturer. Mr.
The McGregoes operations committee includes M. I. T.
And the California Institute of Technology.
The 1970 race was the product of a cross-country race in 1968 by two electric vehicles driven by the student teams of the two schools.
The Cal Tech car won the championship, but in just nine days it was plagued by cable fires, fuse explosions, battery deaths and minor explosions. Developed by M. I. T.
Student turbine vehicle-
Its 1,000-pound, horsepower engine is installed on the bed of the pickup truck.
Probably the most noisy entrance.
When it did the emissions test yesterday, the audience had to leave the nearby area;
It\'s like standing next to a jet on the runway.
In order to test the pollutants of the former Hast, the car was driven up the ramp by Ford Motor Company to enter the mobile van loaned to the students.
In about 30 minutes, infrared monitoring devices and filters can determine the number of hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides and particulate matter emitted.
Last minute adjustments.
At a nearby parking lot, legiate mechanics was busy making final adjustments to their vehicles over the weekend.
Some people don\'t sleep all night.
Hover over the open hood of M. I. T.
William Carson, a 22-year-old team leader, is trying to track down vibration problems.
Hybrid cars are of particular concern as they work to overcome many of the problems that plague all electric vehicles, mainly the ability of researchers to develop a battery long enough for long-distance driving.
The electric car participating in the competition can only travel 60 to 80 miles between an hour\'s charging station.
On the other hand, advertising hybrids can use batteries in crowded areas with the biggest pollution problems and switch to internal combustion engines on open roads.
There are about four or five students in each car to form a team.
With the exception of one member, all members will follow the experimental car in \"trail vehicle\", a car or truck with spare parts, tools and additional fuel.
The financial and technical support for the competition comes from the government, the foundation and industry, and the competition committee estimates that its ex-expenditures --
To plan and bar, set up test facilities, provide battery charging stations every 50 miles along the route and perform data analysis
It will reach $750,000.
The national air pollution administration has given the Commission a contract of $220,000 to publish technical data on all cars and produce five documentaries.
Scores of industrial enterprises
Battery and tire manufacturers, electronics manufacturers and auto parts manufacturers-
Helped individual cars and contributed to the Commission\'s fund.
GM gave 20 vehicles, plus $2,000 in cash per vehicle, which the Commission handed over to the team in need. The Natural L. P.
Gas Union refuels propane cars along the way, and Lowell, Massachusetts will send a tanker to refuel liquid gas vehicles.
A version of this file was printed on page 72 of the New York edition on August 23, 1970 with the title: clean air cars for off-road races.